Learning is understood to be the “process through which experience or practice produces a relatively permanent alternation in conduct or potential conduct”.
In practical terms we are able to claim that learning occurs when the learner:-
Makes New Connections
In an exceedingly literal way, whenever you learn something, the wiring inside your brain changes – new connections are created or original copies reinforced. It’s all related to the neurons (your mind cells) and the way your incredible brain works. What’s much more interesting, and important when it comes to learning, may be the role of “emotion” and “repetition” in assisting us learn.
The mind may be the ultimate “pattern matching” device therefore it really wants to find links between what it’s presently experiencing and just what it’s experienced previously. Maybe we’re taking liberties using the term ‘experience’ here and also the words ‘processing’ and ‘processed’ could be better – however i think you get the drift.
This outstanding ability from the brain enables us to consider short cuts with regards to perceiving situations and thus enables us to operate on the planet by which we live. It may also result in problems of ‘misidentifying’ or ‘misreading’ some physical cues however and that’s why we are able to get trapped by optical illusions.
To put it simply the main difference between that which you ‘know’ and just what you ‘don’t know’ creates a type of internal emotional tension. Make a rubberband being pulled involving the hands. Around the one-hands is what you ought to learn, the ‘new’ information, and alternatively is exactly what you know. The higher the distinction between ‘what is new’ and ‘what is known’ the greater tension there’s – similar to the tension within the rubberband while you pull both hands apart. That ‘resistance’ is exactly what we call ‘dissonance’. When the dissonance is simply too great your brain should reject the brand new learning or experience. Whenever we learn something we lessen the tension between your ‘new’ and also the ‘known’ and thus increase our understanding.
New details are less inclined to be rejected whether it has direct, personal relevance or value. Hence interest, desire, curiosity and utility (effectiveness) are key elements in mastering.
The amount that new details are pre-owned skills practiced is directly proportional to stay-ability when it comes to learning and memory. That’s the reason practice, wedding rehearsal and a few facets of ‘rote learning’ are essential factors. The use of new learning (understanding) and methods (skills) thus remains very important.
So, getting stated all that, what practical steps can automatically get to improve personal learning?
1) KNOW what you would like to understand. To place it one other way recall what you know in regards to a particular subject and choose relevant and significant questions that will give you from that which you know as to the you’d like to learn. Questions motivate learning!
2) VALUE what you would like to understand. Make certain you’ve got a clearly defined reason or personal value in attempting to learn something. That may originate from because you are merely interested or curious or because you have to learn something like a walking stone to some preferred goal.
3) ORGANISE your learning. I’m a fan of thinking tools like mind-maps to assist record things i am learning after i am learning it. For most of us simply studying new information doesn’t really enhance learning. Studying then turning that information into different things (keywords, summary sentences, mind maps, affinity diagrams) is the best way of understanding new ideas and ideas.
4) ENGAGE your feelings as well as your senses within the learning. Be focused and interested enough to get immersed within the chance to learn. We improve by seeing, hearing, doing and thinking. Make certain you develop space to determine, hear (talk), use and remember your learning.
5) Affiliate new ideas using what you know. Make links involving the current understanding and also the new material. Tony Buzan’s Mind Maps are fantastic for this function, but any kind of concept map or flow chart can help.
6) SHARE your learning or would like to learn. The easiest method to learn something would be to educate another person. Teaching means you need to explain and explanation depends on (or tests) understanding. If you’re learning in regards to a very technical subject try writing a jargon free, plain British description from it or tell somebody that is really a not technical about this.
7) REVIEW your learning regularly. As much as 80% of your learning is going to be forgotten in 24 hrs if it’s not reviewed (revisited). Because of this cramming isn’t the easiest method to enhance learning or lengthy term memory. Before beginning a ‘learning session’ remember that which you know. In the finish of every learning session re-read the important points or mind maps in the finish during the day review your learning. More to the point revisit your learning every week before you feel you actually understand your learning.
In the finish during the day its worth remembering that learning isn’t necessarily fun but it’s about emotional engagement.
The significance of the feelings, as expressed through attitudes, values, personal beliefs and conduct, can’t be understated. If learning isn’t relevant, can’t be placed inside a significant context and lacks emotional connection then it will likely be hard to engage your brain.